Terminology

Alternative Text – Text displayed by web browsers while pictures are being loaded or if they are missing. Web search engines use alternative text to help find web pages. Alternative text is also used to assist users with disabilities.

CIPHER – A windows based software application that locates and supports the removal of hidden information, steganography within electronic documents such as Word, PowerPoint and Excel. CIPHER also supports the locating and removal of user defined search phrases.

Data Transfer Procedures – Procedures used to transfer information from one classification level to another.

Export Compliance – The International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR) and the Export Administration Regulations (EAR) are two important United States export control laws that affect the manufacturing, sales and distribution of technology.

Hidden Information -Information within an application data file and/or an application that may not be visible by normal viewing of the information within the target application. No differentiation is made between information that is hidden deliberately or accidentally.

Lossless File Format – A file format that maintains the integrity of the information being transferred, as in, no information is lost. Lossless formats include: TIFF, GIF, PNG, BMP

Lossy File Format – A file format where information is lost when transferred to the format. Lossy formats include: JPEG, Wavelet

Macros – An action or a set of action that can be used to automate tasks. Macros are recorded in the Visual Basic for Applications programming language.

Metadata – Metadata is loosely defined as data about data.

Scripts – A set of instructions for web browsers. Used to enter text, HTML, and any Microsofts Visual Scripting Edition (VBScipt) code.

Software Assurance – Defined as “the level of confidence that software is free from vulnerabilities, either intentionally designed into the software or accidentally inserted at anytime during its lifecycle, and that the software functions in the intended manner.”

Steganography – The art of hiding information in plain sight. The goal of steganography is to avoid drawing suspicion to the transmission of a hidden message. If suspicion is raised, then this goal is defeated.

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